Advances in Nanofibre Research, Volume 3 by Akbar K. Haghi, Gennady E. Zaikov

By Akbar K. Haghi, Gennady E. Zaikov

In the 1st volumes of this sequence, we've proven that submicron-sized and nanofibres should be ready from a polymer answer by way of electrospinning.

The 3rd quantity of ‘Advances in Nanofibre examine’ describes the numerous instructions during which the technology and know-how of polymer nanofibres is now evolving and highlights the present realizing of polymer nanofibres and nanocomposites. during this quantity, readers can locate chapters which examine the prevalence, balance, and useful houses of fibrous nanomaterials of other sizes and shapes.

The new and rising functions of polymer nanofibres are awarded along the fundamental underlying technology and expertise. With discussions exploring such useful functions as filters, materials, scaffolds for tissue engineering, the ebook presents polymer scientists and engineers with a accomplished, sensible ‘how-to’ reference paintings. one of the major elements lined is the book’s presentation of the technology and know-how of electrospinning, together with useful details on tips on how to electrospin varied polymer systems.

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4. E. Zussman, A. L. Yarin, Applied Physics Letters, 2003, 82, 973. 5. H. L. Yarin, H. Fong and S. Koombhongse, Journal of Applied Physics, 2000, 87, 4531. 6. A. L. Yarin, E. Zussman and E. Kroll, Polymer, 2005, 46, 2889. 7. Z-M. Huang, Y-Z. Zhang, M. Kotak and S. Ramakrishna, Composites Science and Technology, 2003, 63, 2223. 8. L. Schreuder-Gibson, P. Gibson, K. Senecal, M. Sennett, J. Walker, W. Yeomans and D. Ziegler, Journal of Advanced Materials, 2002, 34, 3, 44. 9. Z. Ma, M. Kotaki, R. Inai and S.

The diffusion cell consisted of a water container, a piece of animal skin for simulating human skin, and humidity sensors. One side of the nanofibre mat under test faces the sweating skin but does not contact it, whereas another side is exposed to the controlled environment. The driving forces for the movement of moisture vapour are the temperature and vapour gradients maintained between the points where the moisture vapour emerges from the simulated skin (37 °C, 90% RH) and the ambient environment controlled at 25 °C and 65% RH.

The large surface area to volume ratio of nanofibres combined with their porous structure favours cell adhesion, proliferation, migration and differentiation, which are the desired properties for engineering tissues. The high porosity of nanofibre scaffolds provides more structural space for cell accommodation and facilitates efficient exchange of nutrient and metabolic waste between the scaffold and the environment. Another important factor is the delivery of growth factors, which should be released in a sustained manner without loss of their bioactivity.

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