Alexander Romanovich Luria: A Scientific Biography (Plenum by Evgenia D. Homskaya, David E. Tupper

By Evgenia D. Homskaya, David E. Tupper

Alexander Romanovitch Luria is well known as considered one of the main famous neuropsychologists of the 20 th century. This booklet - written via his long-standing colleague and released in Russian by way of Moscow collage Press in 1992, fifteen years after his demise - is the 1st severe quantity from open air the Luria kinfolk dedicated to his existence and paintings and contains the main finished bibliography on hand anyplace of Luria's writings.

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The last area of the brain that evolved is the neocortex, also referred to as the cerebral cortex, or just cortex. It is our superior or rational brain and the seat of higher cognitive functions that are unique to humans. The cortex comprises almost the whole of the hemispheres and some subcortical structures and corresponds to the brain of primate mammals, including humans. ” The human cortex accounts for about 85 percent of the total brain mass. Most animals have a rudimentary cortex, with mammals having the most complex cortex.

There are two additional facts that we will explore in more detail later: (1) a male fetus (possessing XY chromosomes) that is not exposed to testosterone or is unable to respond to testosterone will become female, and (2) a female fetus (possessing XX chromosomes) that is exposed to male levels of testosterone will become male. 2. Last, we must remember that during development and throughout life, testes produce primarily testosterone, but also low levels of estrogen. Conversely, ovaries produce primarily estrogen and progestins, but also low levels of testosterone.

Genes on the Y chromosome code for two factors that switch the development of these same structures to the corresponding male forms. The first of these is testis-determining factor (TDF), which directs the gonads to become testes on about the eighth week of gestation. During the ninth week of gestation the testes become active and start to produce the steroid hormone testosterone, which directs the development of the Wolffian ducts into the male internal genitalia, which includes the seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and epididymus.

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