An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space by Bas C. Van Fraassen

By Bas C. Van Fraassen

An introductory, ancient survey of philosophical positions on area and time, throughout the exact concept of relativity and the causal idea of time.

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Whereas for Bergson, imagery is the result of the filtering of reality, Crowther’s analysis, for example, emphasizes the creative aspect of imagination and the ability of images to be detached from the immediacy of their origin. (Paul Crowther, ‘Imagination and Objective Knowledge’, in Paul Crowther, Philosophy Body, Soul and the World in Matter and Memory 39 In the light of Bergson’s claim that everything exists as movement, perception too must be understood as a process.  28). Instead, he invites us to regard perception as a phase of the interaction between the subject and the object, whereby perception informs the subject of the range of one’s possible actions connected with the object.

Motor memories are taken out of their temporal co-ordinates and are impersonal; they are essentially built by repetitions. 7 Bergson’s view is that only pure memory deserves to be considered as true, genuine memory and that motor memory is a habit interpreted 9 For a useful summary of the key features of habit memory in Bergson and an illuminating link with the Merleau-Pontian study of body in The Phenomenology of Perception see Edward S. Casey, ‘Habitual Body and Memory in Merleau-Ponty’, Man and World (1984), 17: 278–97, and a very brief but to the point illustration of habit memory can be found in Moore, Bergson: Thinking Backwards, 37–8.

26 Chapter 2 1 The self per se is true duration with psychic states melting in one another (‘melting’ here is the Bergsonian term, which means that elements permeate one another but do not become slurred), whereas the represented self appears as a collection of separate psychic states. 2 The self is a qualitative multiplicity, pure quality, although it appears as a discrete multiplicity and is represented as quantity. 3 The elements of the self are processes, but they are treated as solidified objects, external to each other.

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