Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC by Nic Fields

By Nic Fields

The improvement of the city-state within the Classical interval of Greek background ensured a shift within the nature of fortifications within the sector. not have been fortresses designed to shield a ruler and his entourage, relatively the entire of the citizen physique needed to be protected from any open air threats. The enceintes of those Greek city-states didn't have to be very excessive or robust as city-state clash used to be nonetheless made up our minds through spear and guard, even though a few inspiration used to be nonetheless given to the technological know-how of fortification. This e-book information the development and ongoing improvement of the defences that safe probably the most illustrious websites in Greece in the course of the most renowned interval of her heritage.

Show description

Read Online or Download Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC PDF

Similar strategy books

American Civil War Fortifications 1

The 50 years prior to the yankee Civil conflict observed a increase within the development of coastal forts within the united states. those stone and brick forts stretched from New England to the Florida Keys, and so far as the Mississippi River. at the beginning of the warfare a few have been situated within the secessionist states, and lots of fell into accomplice arms.

Persian Gulf Security: Improving Allied Military Contributions

This booklet addresses a number of key questions: Will America's ecu allies have the capacity to muster the political will and army features to venture major army strength to aid guard the Persian Gulf? How a lot army strength can our eu allies give a contribution this day and sooner or later to Persian Gulf contingencies?

The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281

From his seat in Xanadu, the good Mongol Emperor of China, Kubla Khan, had lengthy plotted an invasion of Japan. notwithstanding, it used to be merely with the purchase of Korea, that the Khan won the maritime assets priceless for this sort of significant amphibious operation. Written through professional Stephen Turnbull, this publication tells the tale of the 2 Mongol invasions of Japan opposed to the noble Samurai.

Additional resources for Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC

Sample text

Glacial Hazards There are a variety of hazards characterising glaciated and recently deglaciated terrain (see, for example, Bj¨ ornsson, 2004; Hewitt, 2004). Glacier floods due to lake outbursts or the sudden draining of internal water pock- 2 Europe at Risk (Following EU-Funded Research on Hazard and Risks) 49 Fig. 20. 1, 2006) ets, and devastating ice avalanches are highly dangerous because they are notoriously difficult to predict. With the current recession of glaciers, such catastrophic events are likely in the Alps and in mountainous areas elsewhere in Europe.

A system’s ability to endure hazard effects without damage or change. In terms of the scientific projections of future climate change it is becoming increasingly apparent that an understanding of the complex and interrelated attributes of resilience is needed to guide the development of adaptive management techniques and practices for systems at all scales. Participation Questions of who is involved in developing local strategies for mitigating hazard and risk and influencing or taking decisions are important for sustainability.

In fact, at the moment, comparable data on any of the three types of drought are not available for the entire European territory. In the absence of a unique agreed-upon drought index, attempts have been made in order to map drought hazard at a European level. For example, the European Potential Drought Hazard Map (Barredo et al. 2005a, see Fig. 19) describes the likelihood of soil moisture deficits for 25 member states of the European Union (plus the two accession countries Romania and Bulgaria) at the administrative NUTS-3 level.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.39 of 5 – based on 29 votes