The Battle of Jutland by Jon Sutherland

By Jon Sutherland

The conflict of Jutland was once the best naval engagement of the 1st global conflict, if now not any conflict. Admiral Scheer had followed a coverage of launching assaults opposed to the British coast. What he didn't comprehend used to be that the British had damaged his naval codes and they knew of his plans. for this reason, whilst Scheer threw his whole fleet in a undertaking to assault the British mainland in might 1916, he couldn't understand that the Royal army at Scapa circulate used to be underway.

This is a clean account of this maximum naval engagement; it bargains attention-grabbing perception into the occasions previous the motion, the strategies throughout the conflict and the political and armed forces fall-out. The e-book attracts on published legit files and private accounts.

Jellicoe did not ensnare Scheer and the majority of the German fleet which escaped battered, yet intact. The Germans knew even if that regardless of their nice fleet, it used to be the Royal military that managed the North Sea.

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And he would not spend money on improving naval bases and docks so that Rosyth was still under construction in 1914. As early as 1906 the German Ambassador in London, Count Metternich, began to warn his country that ‘the real cause of the political tension is not commercial rivalry but the growing importance of our Navy’; but the Kaiser preferred the insidious reports of his Service Attachés that there was little to fear from Britain. Grey might say: ‘Our Navy is to us what [the German] Army is to them.

Though subsequent investigation dismissed this as false, Jellicoe was satisfied that, contrary to the Admiralty’s intelligence, the Orkneys were within U-boat range. Until urgent measures to strengthen Scapa’s defences could be completed, he was compelled to use Loch Ewe for coaling and, when a U-boat was reported there on 7th October, to move to Lough Swilly. This was so far from the North Sea, where the High Seas Fleet was now expected to make a sortie in support of a German attempt to land troops on the British east coast, that Jellicoe was compelled to keep his fleet almost continuously at sea with the consequence that it could not be maintained at its full strength.

Moreover, with the prospect of a longer war than anyone (except Lord Kitchener) had envisaged, refits could not be deferred. For both these reasons as many as four of Jellicoe’s 23 dreadnoughts and seven battlecruisers (at the end of October) might be in dockyard hands. Damage by grounding or collision, as happened between the Monarch and Conqueror, might deprive him of two more. There was also the danger of losses by submarine attack and mines: the latter accounted for the dreadnought Audacious on 27th October.

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